Friday, January 9, 2015

The Dinosaur Museum- Dorchester (On the Road in the UK- Part One)

I want to be kind here, so let me explain. I work at a private museum and know full well the limitations of creating something for the general public without the mechanisms public organisation enjoy. There is no copy or graphics department to have print up your scripting, nor are there the teams of professionals to help filter and create information and content. At a private museum there is usually one person and the best printer they can afford who, between serving at the front counter or talking to visitors, sits at a desk and bangs this stuff out as quickly and accurately as they can.
Next is the problem of the actual displays. As a private organisation very few government institutions take you seriously (or are sometimes outright hostile), thus any display you have found, created or bought. All of this costs money and the only money a private museum has is whatever comes through the door. Public institutions have the bonus of public funding and collections- often created over centuries of exploration and millions of tax dollars spent. There is no back room in a private museum where you can go and grab a few items collected by a scientist in the 19th century to create a new display- often all you have is already on show, and getting anything new can be a real struggle.

Location, location, location. A private museum does not have the simple support of a building supplied to them by the local or national government. Often these private museums may be in a building built for some other purpose (the National Dinosaur Museum is in what was originally a gemstone museum and is lucky for that reason); but the simple benefit of not having to pay rent- or perhaps only a stipend to the government who is happy to have the building occupied, cannot be discounted. Private museums have to rent whatever is at hand, and the cheaper the better, on a building likely less accessible to the public. 

Richard Owen under the stairs

 If you want your museum in a spot where the tourists are, this is obviously going to cost a lot, and budgets are always tight. You are also rarely going to have permission to adapt this building to your needs, it is a rental after all and the owner doesn’t want you knocking down walls or bricking up windows, so you need to adapt your displays to the building, not the other way round.

There are also limited opportunities for donations. If you are lucky locals fall in love with your organisation and rally to keep it going, but never in the way for public institution, which get the added bonus of being in the public eye. Government funding means government advertising as well, and co-operation between public institutions at a level a private museum only dream of. They also have far more access to grants- and all of this is often on top of an admission charge just like a private museum.

 I really do sympathise…
 …that said. In 2008 we were completing a circumnavigation of the UK and stopping at as many of the locations I had spent my childhood reading about as possible. Just the idea of taking a car and driving much of the coastline of the islands brought gasps of horror from many of the locals I had befriended. For some English traveling is something you do overseas, not within your own country, so driving to the next town, much less the next county or country is something they just don’t do. The idea of driving from London to Scotland (a journey of around 7 hours) is staggering to them, and it was hard to explain that in Australia that’s how far it is to the local shops….ok, not true…but I live in Canberra and the next big cities are Sydney (a 3-ish hour drive away) and Melbourne (8 hours), so long distance driving is just something all Australians do.

A check list for a museum groupie.
Because of the strange L-shape of the mainland, we did this in two trips, with the first heading from London to its most westerly point, Land’s End. This journey would take us past Lyme Regis, a location all fossil fans will know (and a blog for another day) and a lot of great, ancient castles. The drive also took us through Dorchester.
Before any drive I do my homework as there is nothing worse than getting home and realising you missed something cool or important that had been near your path, but you had been unaware of at the time. A number of the smaller, ‘boutique’ museums I have visited only happened because I looked for what was in the area we’d be visiting and working out beforehand how I could fit it into our route.
I know this all sounds obvious, but remote regions often have fewer roads and often you need to carefully plot out your path or else you could find yourself wasting hours of travel retracing your steps to get to these distant locations. This is also especially true if you are visiting places where the roads close due to seasonal weather (I’m looking at you Wyoming). 

Before any trip I sit down and draw out a map and work out the actual time needed to get places, both by distance and time. This map is always with me on the journey. I also have a note book with these details in it so that I can quickly write down notes that will be in sequence- this means at a later date I know exactly what order things occurred in, and perhaps reminds me of some information not in the thousands (and I do mean thousands) of photos I take.
It’s also a good idea to check closing and opening times and add these to your notes. For example sometimes a museum may close at 5, but last admission is at 4, or it closes at midday during the quiet season or is closed on a Monday, so you need to be aware of all these things or else you’re going to travel a long way only to be greeted by a closed sign. It happens. I missed out on the Venice Natural History museum as I visited on the only day it was closed, and worse, I could have gone the day before but had left it until the end of my trip. Italy is a long way to go not to see something, and it’s a lesson I learnt well.

You may have noticed so far I really haven’t talked much about the Dorchester museum…well I was hoping the images would say everything that needed to be said.

Ok, here we go. The museum’s own website claims:
Britain's original and award winning attraction, The Dinosaur Museum located in Dorchester, the county town of Dorset, only 7 miles from the Jurassic Coast is a great day out for all the family! Close to Dorset's World Heritage Jurassic Coast. The Dinosaur Museum opened in 1984, in Dorchester, gateway to Dorset's World Heritage Jurassic Coast. From the very beginning visitors loved its novel and innovative approach to dinosaurs, and it quickly became the Town's foremost visitor attraction bringing, over the years, millions of dinosaur hungry families and schools to the county town.’ 

A Dire Wolf's penis use what you've got!

The museum is small and many of its displays are handmade (read into that what you will), it is also in the UK, where there are very few opportunities to see fossils and dinosaurs. It does have some hands-on stuff and some older, quaint displays. It also has a fine shop with a lot of fossils and dinosaur models for sale.

One true gem the museum displays is a ‘Dinosauroid’. In 1982 the Canadian palaeontologist, Dale A. Russell, speculated that if certain intelligent dinosaurs like Troodon had survived the K-TP extinction, there was a chance they’d have continued to evolve into something vaguely familiar. They had large brains (for a dinosaur) and manipulating hands, suggesting their evolutionary path may have become a little more like an ape than a reptile, perhaps even allowing them to develop an opposable digit at some point.

Though the idea of a humanoid dinosaur has been debunked by many, it is still an interesting moment in palaeontology and creates a great talking point- and that seems to be this museum’s strength. Though they don’t have the enormous skeletons or cutting edge technologies of some of the world’s great museums, they tell the story of their local region, the Jurassic coast, and for that the museum should be applauded.   

Mary Anning,
who made the region famous.

If you don’t go in expecting the world, but a sweet experience of a museum with limited resources doing its best, well then it’s ok. Also if you are spending time in the region there is a 5 museum pass you can purchase for a number of institutions in the region (including a Tutankhamun and Terracotta Warrior display) , so this should alleviate any disappointment.

NOTE: My visit was several years ago and things may have changed since this time.
What is a UK museum without a Doctor Who prop?
The one photo that failed....sigh....

Friday, January 2, 2015

The Wyoming Dinosaur Center

Near the centre of Wyoming, nestled along the Bighorn River is the small town of Thermopolis, and in the middle of Thermopolis is the Wyoming Dinosaur Center.

Driving into town you certainly get the feeling Thermopolis knows it’s on to a great thing as hints about the museum are everywhere. When I say ‘hints’, there’s a dinosaur statue along the main road and dinosaur signs everywhere.

 My favourite thing is the subtle giant green dinosaur footprints stomping along the road to the museum’s front door…genius.

Driving around the museum I have to say it doesn’t look like much from the outside, unless large airplane hangars are your thing- in fact that’s probably the official design of the building because the treasures inside certainly need a lot of space.

I work at another dinosaur museum that resembles this one in many ways. It’s mostly a single room that people get to walk around in, so I truly appreciate the layout of the display.

The dinosaurs are so large they create galleries, with each as spectacular as the next, so you find yourself looking in awe at one beast, only to turn about or walk a few steps to find yourself face to face with something else equally as inspiring. I really liked this museum.

Amongst the specimens on display is the first ever Albertaceratops...

...a rare Therizinosaurus...

...and a T. rex skeleton (Stan I do believe) attacking a Triceratops.

 Along one wall are a number of ichthyosaurs, a long-necked elasmosaur and a pliosaur.

There are local species such as Maiasaura feeding a nest of hatchlings...

...and the small saber-tooth cat, Dinictis

There is a wonderful Asian display containing specimens such as a sprinting Velociraptor turning on a Protoceratops, a Tuojiangosaurus and a fearsome Monolophosaurus attacking the incredibly tiny sauropod, Bellusaurus.
There are the standard species, Coelophysis, along with extremely rare species such as ‘Jimbo the Supersaurus’- an enormous 106ft sauropod that dominates the middle of the display and is the reason for the size of the building.

This thing is huge (one of the largest sauropods ever mounted), and even better you get to walk around it, a 360 degree view, and you even get to see it standing by some of the larger predators and see just how tiny they were in comparison.

Just as spectacular and important is one of the museums smallest specimens, the Thermopolis Archaeopteryx. As far as I know this is the only actually specimen of this iconic species in the US, and I’m proud to say the 3rd one I have seen after the Berlin and London specimens.

This one is not behind bulletproof glass like the others and you can get rather close to it. The lighting also makes it easy to see the fossil in detail.


Another great specimen is Bambiraptor, the first I have seen in all the museums I have ever visited.

Wyoming is of course a hotbed for dinosaur fossils and there are a number of operating quarries near the museum where specimens are collected for preparation.
One corner of the display has a large window through which you can watch people preparing fossils.

When I was there they were working on a new Camarasaurus.
The museum also runs digs that the general public can join in for a fee, also there’s an opportunity for people to help prepare fossils and for students to do courses, which I believe end with university credits.

The museum is open 7 days a week, from 10-5, and is closed on some holidays. The price also varies during different seasons, so for opening hours and daily entry I suggest you check the museum’s website if you’re headed that way.

The sun sets early during winter in this part of the world and we had a long way to drive to our hotel, so after a quick look in the shop we were back on the road, leaving behind a museum full of some of the world’s most important fossils.

Indeed the Wyoming Dinosaur Center consistently tops the best dinosaur museum’s you can visit in the states, so if you’re planning a holiday to the West, I suggest this destination make’s your list.